CPR Full Form: An Overview

CPR Full Form: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR) is a lifesaving technique that is performed when someone’s heart or breathing stops. CPR is a combination of rescue breathing and chest compressions that helps to circulate oxygenated blood throughout the body until the person’s heartbeat and breathing are restored. The acronym CPR stands for cardiopulmonary resuscitation. In this article, we will discuss CPR in detail, including its full form, importance, and how to perform it correctly.

CPR Full Form: What Does CPR Stand for?

The full form of CPR is cardiopulmonary resuscitation. It is a medical procedure used to restore the heartbeat and breathing of a person who has suffered a cardiac arrest, drowning, or any other medical emergency that stops the heart and breathing.

Importance of CPR:

CPR is important as it can help save a person’s life. It is a critical intervention that can help prevent brain damage and death due to lack of oxygen in the body. When a person suffers from cardiac arrest, every minute counts. Without oxygen, the brain can start to die within 4 to 6 minutes, and irreversible brain damage can occur within 8 to 10 minutes. CPR can keep the blood flowing until emergency medical services arrive, increasing the chances of survival.

How to Perform CPR:

Performing CPR correctly is crucial for its effectiveness. Here are the steps to perform CPR:

  1. Call for Emergency Medical Services: Before starting CPR, call the emergency services or ask someone to call for help.
  2. Check for Responsiveness: Check if the person is responsive by tapping them on the shoulder and asking if they are okay. If the person does not respond, assume they need CPR.
  3. Perform Chest Compressions: Place your hands in the center of the person’s chest and push down hard and fast, around 100 to 120 times per minute.
  4. Perform Rescue Breaths: Tilt the person’s head back, lift their chin, and give two breaths into their mouth.
  5. Repeat the Cycle: Continue to perform the cycle of 30 chest compressions and two rescue breaths until the emergency medical services arrive or the person starts to breathe on their own.


CPR is a vital lifesaving technique that can help save a person’s life in an emergency situation. Knowing the correct way to perform CPR can make all the difference in the outcome of the emergency. Remember to always call emergency services first, check for responsiveness, perform chest compressions and rescue breaths, and repeat the cycle until help arrives. With timely and correct CPR, you can help improve the chances of survival of someone experiencing a cardiac arrest or any other medical emergency.

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